Georgia is an ancient region of viticulture and a classical
wine-making country. It is the center of the rich genofond of
cultured grape varieties
(according to the literature, about 500 varieties) characterized by
a high concentration of dominant genes.
The genofond of the Georgian grape varieties contains some valuable
characteristics and qualities which can be successfully used in
The Georgian grape varieties are characterized by indicators of
harmonious accumulation of chemicals in grape berries,
predetermining the yield of high-quality table, naturally sweet and
dessert wines as well as brandy wine material.
The genes of the Georgian varieties make them resistant to rotting
and fungus diseases. High biological flexibility and stable genetic
specificity are typical of many Georgian varieties (Rkatsiteli,
Saperavi, Mtsvane Kakhuri.,Goruli Mtsvane).
The ancient farming culture of the Georgian people (the year four
thousand B.C.) contributed to morphogenesis of the cultured gape.
In the Middle Ages Georgia became a country having a developed
agriculture, with viticulture rising to a higher level and getting
the industrial importance. Wine became an export commodity.
Vineyard attendance methods and wine-making process were being
So, long before the European influence, original methods of
vineyard attendance were developed (planting, placing poles,
trellising, pruning, green operations) and the local culture grape
range includes over 500 names.
Later, as a result of people's centuries-old selection, renowned
high-quality high-yielding varieties which are well-adapted to the
local conditions were produced.
Being guided by the quality-above-all principle, our company
initially staked on purchase of land and laying out so-called pure
(without industrial varieties) vineyards, which ensures the best
grapes quality control. To ensure quality of vineyards over a
longer term, in 2000 the company purchased planting stock
facilities (greenhouses, nursery) which, upon re-equipment, yield
up to 1.5 million young plants per year. At present, Kindzmaraulis
Marani owns up to 500 hectares of lands, including 435 hectares
under vineyards and about 50 hectares used for services lines and
as the winery area. Noteworthy is that the company with the
assistance of specialists from the Institute of Viticulture and
Viniculture of Georgia created a unique, in its own way, collection
vineyard (2 hectares) on the territory adjoining the winery in the
Kindzmarauli microzone, where up to 300 Georgian local grape
varieties which are preserved to the present day are planted. To
protect the vines against various diseases, the company uses
high-quality preparations of German firm Bayer.
A great contribution to creation and development of the company's
vineyards is made by Givi Sesiashvili, one of the well-known
specialists in Georgia, hereditary agronomist. The company
cultivates the following grape varieties:
1. Rkatsiteli (white)
2. Kakhetian Mtsvane(white)
3. Kisi (white)
5. Rose Muscat(Rose)
6. Saperavi ( red)
7. Kabernet Sauvignon( red)
9. Otskhanuri Sapere(red)
1. One of the Georgian ancient vine varieties is Saperavi, which in
translated from Georgian as coloring agent. The place of origin of
Saperavi is Kakheti. The vine got its name due to coloring agents
contained in the grape berries. Saperavi is the best representative
in the world range of red wine grape varieties. Saperavi grape is
used for production of the best Georgian wine brands such as red
dry, semidry, naturally semisweet, fortified wines. Our company
uses the Saperavi variety blended with Kabernet to make red
semisweet wine "Alazani Valley", blended with Budeshuri - for
production of red dry wine "Kvareli", red dry wines "Saperavi" and
"Mukuzani" as well as red naturally semisweet wine "Alazani".
2. Kakhuri Mtsvane (which means 'green" in Georgian) is one of the
best white grape varieties. This variety is mostly grown in
Kakheti, and the origin of the vine is the Manavi micro-region. The
main advantage of young wine made of this grape variety is its
remarkable intense and very pleasant variety aroma, which
invariably allows it to act as refiner of white wines.
Our company uses Mtsvane for production of white dry wine "Manavi";
it is also blended with Khikhvi and Kisi to get white dry wine
3. Rkatsitekli (which is translated from Georgian as red vine) is
the most valuable and widely spread variety of the Georgian grapes.
The place of origin of Rkatsiteli is Kakheti. Rkatsiteli plays a
universal role in wine-making. Many Georgian wines are made by
blending it with Mtsvane and other varieties. It is also used as
raw material for production of best Georgian brandies. Our company
uses Rkatsiteli for making white dry wine "Gurjaani", and by
blending it with the varieties of Khivi, Kisi and Kakhetian
Mtsvane, the company makes white dry wines "Tsinandali", "Kvareli",
"Manavi" and white semisweet wine "Alazani Valley".
4. Budeshuri Tsiteli (Budeshuri Red) is one of the best Georgian
red grape varieties. The color of the berries is dark pink. The
taste is pleasant, harmonious, pleasantly fresh. It is
characterized by high yield, comparatively early ripening.
Budeshuri Tsiteli is highly resistant to fungus diseases. Bunches
of grapes and berries are beautiful; it has a comparatively high
keeping capacity and low yield of solid remainder (stems, skin,
seeds). Our company blends Budeshuri with Saperavi to produce red
dry wine "Kvareli".
5. Kabernet Sauvignon is a high-quality wine grape variety of the
beginning of the third ripening period. It is included in the
Georgian regional standard range of grapes for production of red
wines. The variety is well adapted to the environmental conditions
- it is resistant to fungus diseases, winter frost, drought, berry
rotting in rainy autumn. Additionally, the positive characteristics
of Kabernet Sauvignon is the high quality of obtained product fit
for various types of wines. Our company blends Kabernet Sauvignon
with Saperavi to produce red semisweet wine "Alazani Valley".
6. Otskhanuri Sapere is a late-ripening grape variety. It is used
for making red wines. It is great for coloring white wines and
intensifying the color of low-colored wines. Otskhanuri wines are
notable for the deep dark garnet color, pleasant variety aroma,
freshness, and soft harmonious taste. Otskhanauris Sapere are
notable for high resistance to fungus diseases and berry rotting
and, of course, high quality of wine.
7. Kisi is a wonderful variety of white Georgian grapes. Along with
the white varieties such as Khikhvi, Rkatsiteli, Mtsvane , both
pure and mixed, it greatly contributed to the fame of the wines of
Akhmeta, Kistauri, Ruispiri and Okalto. Kisi yields high-quality
products; it is good for making various types of wines - Kakhetian,
European, naturally semisweet, dessert wines. The wine made of the
Kisi grape has a light-straw color with a golden tint, pleasant
variety aroma, soft harmonious taste. Our company blends Kisi with
Khikhvi, Mtsvane, Rkatsiteli to produce white semisweet wine
"Alazani Valley" and white dry wine "Kvareli".
8. Khikhvi is one of the best Georgian white grape varieties
yielding high-quality products; it can be used for making various
types of wines. Khikhvi is highly resistant to winter frost. It is
an early-ripening grape variety. The wine made of it has a
light-golden color, original variety aroma and soft harmonious
taste. Our company blends Khikhvi with Rkatsiteli, Mtsvane and Kisi
varieties to produce white semisweet wine "Alazani Valley", white
dry wine "Kvareli" and white dry Kakhetian type wine " Samepo
Kakhuri " which is an exclusive brand of our company.
Purchase of land and laying out vineyards were implemented with the
assistance and advice of experts from the Institute of Wine-Growing
and Wine-Making of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. The priorities
are as follows:
1. Wine-making Value of Land Plots
b) Geographic situation
2. Climatic Characteristics
a) Temperature conditions
b) Atmospheric precipitation
c) Length of drought period
d) Hail Periods and Intensity
e) Frost Period
f) Wind Rose
3 Plans for Planting of Each Individual Grape Variety
4. Purity of Varieties of Vine Seedlings